Reversal of the TCR stop signal by CTLA-4
Schneider, Helga, Downey, Jos, Smith, Andrew, Zinselmeyer, Bemd H., Rush, Catherine, Brewer, James M., Wei, Bin, Hogg, Nancy, Garside, Paul, and Rudd, Christopher E. (2006) Reversal of the TCR stop signal by CTLA-4. Science, 313 (5795). pp. 1972-1975.
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The coreceptor cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is pivotal in regulating the threshold of signals during T cell activation, although the underlying mechanism is still not fully understood. Using in vitro migration assays and in vivo two-photon laser scanning microscopy, we showed that CTLA-4 increases T cell motility and overrides the T cell receptor (TCR)-induced stop signal required for stable conjugate formation between T cells and antigen-presenting cells. This event led to reduced contact periods between T cells and antigen-presenting cells that in turn decreased cytokine production and proliferation. These results suggest a fundamentally different model of reverse stop signaling, by which CTLA-4 modulates the threshold for T cell activation and protects against autoimmunity.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Date Deposited:||08 Apr 2010 05:00|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%|