Complement clause types and complementation strategies in Tariana

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (2006) Complement clause types and complementation strategies in Tariana. In: Dixon, R.M.W, and Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., (eds.) Complementation: a cross-linguistic perspective. Explorations In Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 178-203.

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Abstract

Tariana has four types of complement clauses and four complementation strategies which include nominalizations, sequential subordinate clauses, and serial verb constructions. Complement clauses can only occur in O function, while nominalizations can be used in any other function, except for A. Unlike objects expressed with noun phrases, neither complement clauses nor most nominalizations can be targets of passive or any other valency-changing derivation.

Tariana is an endangered North Arawak language spoken by about 100 people in the linguistic area of the Vaupe´s river basin (north-west Amazonia, Brazil). A fascinating property of this area is its institutionalized ‘multilingual exogamy’ operating between speakers of Tariana and of languages belonging to the East Tucanoan subgroup (with Tucano as its major representative). One can only marry a person who belongs to a diVerent language group (that is, a Tariana can marry a Tucano, or a Wanano, but not another Tariana). There is a strong cultural inhibition against language mixing viewed in terms of borrowing morphemes. Long-term interaction between East Tucanoan languages and Tariana has resulted in the rampant diffusion of grammatical and semantic patterns (though not so much of forms) and calquing of categories. A detailed study of areal diffusion and marriage patterns is in Aikhenvald (2002a).

Item ID: 9319
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
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ISBN: 978-0-19-929787-0
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2010 01:55
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200407 Lexicography @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture @ 100%
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