A serological prevalence survey of Brucella abortus in cattle in rural communities in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa

Hesterberg, U.W., Bagnall, R., Perrett, K., Bosch, B., and Gummow, B. (2008) A serological prevalence survey of Brucella abortus in cattle in rural communities in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 79 (1). pp. 15-18.

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Abstract

A serological survey of Brucella abortus in cattle originating from communal grazing areas of Kwa Zulu Natal was carried out between March 2001 and December 2003. The survey was designed as a 2-stage survey, considering the diptank as the primary sampling unit. In total 46 025 animals from 446 diptanks of 33 magisterial districts were sampled and tested using the Rose Bengal test and Complement Fixation Test. The apparent prevalence at district level was adjusted for clustering, diagnostic test sensitivity and specificity, and mapped using ArcView version 3.3. The prevalence of brucellosis in communal grazing areas of Kwa-Zulu Natal was found to be 1.45 % (0.84-2.21%) and varied from 0 to 15.6 % between magisterial districts. In 19 of the 33 magisterial districts no serological reactors were observed. A large variation in prevalence was found within diptank areas. Brucellosis was found to be most prevalent in the northeastern area of the province. The findings of the survey are discussed.

Item ID: 9028
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Africa; Brucella abortus; brucellosis; communities; prevalence; rural; zoonosis
ISSN: 0038-2809
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2010 04:15
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920406 Food Safety @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920120 Zoonoses @ 40%
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