Attachment, body image dissatisfaction, body change strategies, and self-esteem in a university sample

Caltabiano, Marie L., and Van Grinsven, Johanna (2009) Attachment, body image dissatisfaction, body change strategies, and self-esteem in a university sample. In: Proceedings of the 44th APS Annual Conference 2009, pp. 25-29. From: 44th APS Annual Conference , 30 September - 4 October 2009, Darwin, NT, Australia.

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Abstract

The inter-relationship between adult attachment style, body image dissatisfaction, body change strategies and self-esteem was examined for a university sample of 110 students (80 females, 30 males). Participants completed the Body Image and Body Change Inventory, the Relationship Questionnaire and the Relationship Styles Questionnaire as measures of adult attachment, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale. Preoccupied attachment style was associated with higher body image dissatisfaction and females with this attachment style were more likely to use body change strategies to decrease their weight. Preoccupied attachment was negatively associated with self-esteem. Those with low self-esteem had greater body image dissatisfaction. Mediation analysis indicated that self-esteem partially mediated the influence of preoccupied attachment on body image dissatisfaction for females. Interestingly, those with a dismissing attachment style were less likely to use strategies to decrease their weight, and similar to fearful attachment style were more likely to use strategies to increase their weight. Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of adult attachment for body image. Clinical implications and future research are suggested.

Item ID: 9016
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: attachment, body image dissatisfaction, self-esteem
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ISBN: 978-0-909881-41-2
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2010 06:35
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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