Zoonoses in the face of acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Gummow, B., and Cameron, D.A. (2003) Zoonoses in the face of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 18 (3). pp. 35-37.

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Abstract

South Africa is currently suffering from an AIDS epidemic which is resulting in an immunocompromised population. It is known that immunocompromised individuals are at greater risk of contracting zoonotic diseases. The question arises therefore as to whether South Africans can now expect an epidemic of zoonotic conditions, particularly those related to cellular immunity, and whether they will be correctly diagnosed. Zoonoses that have been shown to be increasing in prevalence in the presence of AIDS include toxoplasmosis, cryptosporidiosis and tuberculosis. This paper discusses some of the general issues of zoonotic conditions in the light of an increasingly immunocompromised population. It concludes that many zoonotic conditions are difficult to diagnose clinically and are potentially misdiagnosed or go undiagnosed in South Africa today, that the possibility of contracting a zoonotic condition in South Africa is high and that an increase in the incidence of zoonotic diseases can be expected to occur in line with the AIDS epidemic.

Item ID: 8963
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
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ISSN: 1015-8782
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2010 23:55
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 60%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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