Coastal zone management
Wolanski, E., Newton, A., Rabalais, N., and Legrand, C. (2008) Coastal zone management. In: Jorgensen, Sven Erik, and Fath, Brian D., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ecology. Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 630-637.
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As highlighted in Estuarine Ecohydrology, throughout the world estuaries have experienced environmental degradation and present proposed remedial measures based on engineering and technological fixes have been unable to restore the ecological processes of a healthy, robust estuary, and, as such, will not reinstate the full beneficial functions of the estuary ecosystem.
This story of degradation is repeated worldwide also for coastal zones. The problem is more insidious, and harder to address, because historically coastal zones were seen as having essentially infinite capacity to dilute waste from human activities and because the fisheries resources were essentially free for all. Yet, just like estuaries, coastal waters are also suffering from increasing eutrophication, increasing turbidity, harmful algae blooms, fisheries collapse, and an increasing loss of biodiversity. At the same time these waters are increasingly polluted and impacted by hydrocarbons from low-level, chronic oil spills as well as occasional and often catastrophic oil spills. Some of these coastal waters are also showing signs of impacts by climate change.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Reference)|
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|Date Deposited:||22 Apr 2010 00:49|
|FoR Codes:||05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050102 Ecosystem Function @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960903 Coastal and Estuarine Water Management @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 50%