Optimism, hostility, and adjustment in the first year of high school

Boman, Peter, and Yates, Gregory C.R. (2001) Optimism, hostility, and adjustment in the first year of high school. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71 (3). pp. 401-411.

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Abstract

In this project 102 students at the outset of their first year at high school responded to questionnaires assessing their levels of (a) optimism and pessimism, (b) personal expectancies for the occurrence of specific negative events, and (c) depression and anxiety. Additional data concerning hostility to school, perceived classroom involvement, and student self-reported and teacher-reported adjustment to school measures were collected at the end of the year. In general, the girls reported greater levels of positive adjustment than boys. It was found that optimism together with expectation for negative events predicted 21% of the variance in school hostility. In addition, optimism predicted perceived classroom involvement, and also predicted students’ self-reported adjustment. Teachers’ ratings of student adjustment were predicted only by gender.

Item ID: 843
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Optimism, Anger, Adjustment, School
Additional Information:

Copyright 2001 The British Psychological Society

ISSN: 0007-0998
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2006
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130305 Educational Counselling @ 0%
13 EDUCATION @ 0%
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