Flow cytometric study of T cell development in NOD mice reveals a deficiency in αβTCR+CD4-CD8- thymocytes.

Godfrey, Dale I., Kinder, Simon J., Silvera, Pablo, and Baxter, Alan G. (1997) Flow cytometric study of T cell development in NOD mice reveals a deficiency in αβTCR+CD4-CD8- thymocytes. Journal of Autoimmunity, 10 (3). pp. 279-285.

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Abstract

As a result of failed induction of T cell tolerance to pancreatic B cells, non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice develop spontaneous autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The thymic stroma, which plays a crucial role in thymic T cell maturation, undergoes extensive premature disorganization in NOD mice, so it is of interest to examine NOD T cell development. In this study, both major and minor developmental populations of thymocytes of NOD/Lt mice were studied and compared to those of BALB/c, C57BL/6 and CBA mice by multiparameter flow cytometry (FACS). These results are described in detail and reveal that most thymocyte subsets were normally represented, including αβTcR−CD4−CD8−(triple negative; TN), αβTcR−CD4+CD8−and αβTcR−CD4−CD8+(immature single positive; ISP), αβTcR−/lowCD4+CD8+(double positive; DP) and αβTcR+CD4+CD8−and αβTcR+CD4−CD8+(mature single positive; SP) as well as γδ T cells. However, NOD mice exhibited a marked deficiency of thymic αβTcR+CD4−CD8−(αβ+DN) T cells. αβ+DN T cells, which are included among NK1+T cells in C57BL/6 mice, produce large amounts of IL-4 on primary stimulation. Given the potential significance of NKT cells in immunoregulation, it is possible that the scarcity of these cells in NOD mice plays a role in the pathogenesis of IDDM.

Item ID: 8427
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: thymocytes, diabetes, IDDM, NK1.1, FACS, T cells
ISSN: 1095-9157
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2010 02:10
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110703 Autoimmunity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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