Factors influencing the effects of murine cytomegalovirus on the pancreas

Price, P., Baxter, A.G., Allcock, R.N., and Papadimitriou, J.M. (1998) Factors influencing the effects of murine cytomegalovirus on the pancreas. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 28 (7). pp. 546-553.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: As human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections are implicated in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), the effects of murine (M)CMV infection of inbred mice on the pancreas are of interest.

RESULTS: Inflammation and periacinar oedema peaked on day 3 and were replaced by a focal inflammation, but infected cells were rare. The islets were spared in C57BL mice. Insulitis normally seen in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice was accelerated, but infected NOD mice did not become glycosuric. Isotypes of total and autoreactive antibodies suggested a shift to a Th 1 response (IgG2a) in all MCMV-infected mice. MCMV-induced pancreatitis was not affected by MHC genes but was similar or less severe in BALB/c mice. As these lack the Cmv1 gene, which provides a protective natural killer (NK) cell response in C57BL congenic mice, the C57BL background may carry a pancreatitis susceptibility gene able to counter NK-mediated restriction of viral replication. Consistently, congenic mice expressing Cmvl on a BALB/c background did not display pancreatitis, unless depleted of NK cells. In vivo treatment with soluble cytokine receptors suggested that interleukin 1 (IL-1) and/or tumour necrosis factor alpha contribute to acinar necrosis in C57BL mice.

Item ID: 8424
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Cytomegalovirus; diabetes; natural killer cells; pancreas
ISSN: 1365-2362
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2010 02:52
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110703 Autoimmunity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%
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