Egg production, egg hatching success and population increase of the tropical paracalanid copepod, Bestiolina similis (Calanoida: Paracalanidae) fed different microalgal diets

Camus, Thomas, Zeng, Chaoshu, and McKinnon, A. David (2009) Egg production, egg hatching success and population increase of the tropical paracalanid copepod, Bestiolina similis (Calanoida: Paracalanidae) fed different microalgal diets. Aquaculture, 297 (1). pp. 169-175.

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Abstract

A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the suitability of ten microalgal diets, including 4 monoalgal, 5 binary and 1 tri-algal diet, for the culture of the tropical paracalanid copepod Bestiolina similis. The four monoalgal diets were the Tahitian strain of Isochrysis sp. (T-Iso), Pavlova 50 (Pav), Tetraselmis chuii (Tet) and the diatom Chaetoceros muelleri (Chaet), the 5 binary diets were Tet+T-Iso, Tet+Pav, T-Iso+Pav, Chaet+Tet and Chaet+Pav while the tri-algal diet was T-Iso+Tet+Pav. After feeding B. similis with 10 algal diets for 3 days, 24 h egg production rate (EPR, eggs female−1 day−1) was obtained for each diet treatment by averaging the egg output of 6 individual females (replaced daily) for 4 consecutive days. The tri-algal diet T-Iso+Tet+Pav produced the highest EPR (44.1 eggs female−1 day−1), which was significantly higher than any other diets tested (p<0.05). Highest 48 h and 96 h egg hatching rates (EHR) were also found from the eggs produced by B. similis fed with T-Iso+Tet+Pav (48 and 96 h EHR=91.0% and 96.3% respectively) and significant differences in 48 h EHR were detected for 5 out of the 9 other diets tested, while for 96 h EHR, only for 2 diets. Population increase was determined over a 12 day culture period for 10 initial B. similis adults (7 females and 3males) and the result showed that the tri-algal diet T-Iso+Tet+Pav produced significantly higher population number by the end of 12 days than any of the mono-algal or binary diets tested (p<0.05). When all developmental stages were included (including eggs), the tri-algal diet produced a population increase from 10 to 887 over the 12 days. The binary diet Tet+T-Iso was the second most productive diet, providing a total population increase from 10 to 541, which was significantly higher than the rest of the diets, except that of Pav+T-Iso (479), T-Iso (334) and Chaet+Pav (285) (p>0.05). Based on the current results, it is suggested that among the diets tested, the tri-algal diet of T-Iso+Tet+Pav was the best for the culture of B. similis.

Item ID: 7950
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: copepod, Paracalanidae, Bestiolina similis, microalgal diet, egg production, egg hatching rate, population increase, marine science, AFDC
ISSN: 1873-5622
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2010 04:12
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture @ 80%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060809 Vertebrate Biology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 80%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 20%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 9
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