Survival, osmoregulation and ammonia-N excretion of blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus, juveniles exposed to different ammonia-N and salinity combinations

Romano, Nicholas, and Zeng, Chaoshu (2010) Survival, osmoregulation and ammonia-N excretion of blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus, juveniles exposed to different ammonia-N and salinity combinations. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C, 151 (2). pp. 222-228.

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Abstract

Ammonia-N toxicity to early Portunus pelagicus juveniles at different salinities was investigated along with changes to haemolymph osmolality, Na+, K+, Ca2+ and ammonia-N levels, ammonia-N excretion and gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity. Experimental crabs were acclimated to salinities 15, 30 and 45‰ for one week and 25 replicate crabs were subsequently exposed to 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 mg L−1 ammonia-N for 96-h, respectively. High ammonia-N concentrations were used to determine LC50 values while physiological measurements were conducted at lower concentrations. When crabs were exposed to ammonia-N, anterior gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity significantly increased (pb0.05) at all salinities, while this only occurred on the posterior gills at 30‰. For crabs exposed to 20 and 40 mg L−1 ammonia-N, both posterior gill Na+/K+- ATPase activity and ammonia-N excretion were significantly higher at 15‰ than those at 45‰. Despite this trend, the 96-h LC50 value at 15‰ (43.4 mg L−1) was significantly lower (pb0.05) than at both 30‰ and 45‰ (65.8 and 75.2 mg L−1, respectively). This may be due to significantly higher (pb0.05) haemolymph ammonia-N levels of crabs at low salinities and may similarly explain the general ammonia-N toxicity pattern to other crustacean species

Item ID: 7941
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Portunus pelagicus, ammonia, salinity, Na+/K+-ATPase, haemolymph osmolality, ammonia-N excretion, marine science, AFDC
ISSN: 1532-0456
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2010 01:59
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060806 Animal Physiological Ecology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960504 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 50%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 6
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