Principles of particle bridging by small molecules: structure and configuration

Leong, Y.K. (2004) Principles of particle bridging by small molecules: structure and configuration. In: Proceedings of 16th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, - . From: 16th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, 22 -26 August 2004, Prague, Czech Republic.

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Abstract

Particle bridging by small charged molecules was discovered quite recently. Only specific compounds with the appropriate structure and spatial position of the charged groups, display bridging behaviour. These compounds as a new class of functional additives are highly suitable for making strong gels and paste products. This type of bridging is highly directed towards maximising the strength of the flocculated network in dispersions. The small size of the molecules means that bridging can only take place at the closest point of interaction between particles (particle-particle bond) in the flocculated state, thus greatly strengthening the interparticle bond in the three-dimensional network. The yield stress is a measure of the strength of the network. Particle bridging by small molecules can increase the maximum yield stress (at zero net charge condition) by as much as IO-fold. In this paper the elements of molecular structure of additives essential for bridging are discussed.

Item ID: 7597
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: bridging; ceramic oxides; conformation; small molecules; yield stress
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ISBN: 978-80-86059-40-2
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2010 00:05
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl Structural) > 030603 Colloid and Surface Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8615 Instrumentation > 861503 Scientific Instruments @ 70%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861099 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products not elsewhere classified @ 30%
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