Population genetics and stock improvement

Wada, Katsuhiko T., and Jerry, Dean R. (2008) Population genetics and stock improvement. In: Southgate, Paul C., and Lucs, John S., (eds.) The Pearl Oyster. Elsevier, Oxford, UK, pp. 437-471.

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Abstract

For the effective management of wild populations of pearl oysters, and their subsequent commercial exploitation through aquaculture, it is important to have both a sound appreciation of how genes are exchanged between populations and how genetic diversity is maintained or lost. Also required is knowledge of the underlying genetic basis behind the phenotypic expression of important traits. There has been a relative paucity of information on the genetics of pearl oysters compared to other important aquaculture groups. There are few examples where genetic techniques have been applied to increase aquaculture productivity. However, over the last decade there has been increased effort to acquire essential genetic information necessary to manage and exploit pearl oyster populations. This chapter summarizes current knowledge of the population genetics of pearl oysters, updates our understanding of the quantitative genetic basis of commercially important traits and highlights the application of emerging technologies to this group of bivalves.

Item ID: 7482
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
Keywords: marine sciences; pearl oyster; quantitative genetics; molecular genetics
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ISBN: 978-0-444-52976-3
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2010 04:54
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070405 Fish Physiology and Genetics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830104 Aquaculture Oysters @ 100%
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