Osteoprotegerin and osteopontin are expressed at high concentrations with symptomatic carotid atherosclerosis

Golledge, Jonathan, McCann, Moira, Mangan, Simone, Lam, Alfred, and Karan, Mirko (2004) Osteoprotegerin and osteopontin are expressed at high concentrations with symptomatic carotid atherosclerosis. Stroke, 35. pp. 1636-1641.

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Abstract

Background and Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor {kappa}B ligand (RANKL), and osteopontin (OPN) in stable (asymptomatic) and unstable (symptomatic) carotid atherosclerosis. In addition, we were interested in the effect of angiotensin II blockade on the secretion of these proteins by unstable atherosclerosis.

Methods: Endarterectomy samples removed from patients with recent (within 6 weeks) or no previous focal neurological symptoms were assessed by immunohistochemistry, Western analysis, and explant culture. Concentrations of OPG, RANKL, and OPN were measured by mean optical density (MOD), densitometry of protein bands, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of supernatants from explant culture, and compared between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.

Results: The concentration of OPG and OPN within the proximal internal carotid (PIC) part of the endarterectomy specimen removed from symptomatic patients was elevated 2- and 4-fold, respectively. Although the concentration of RANKL did not differ according to patients’ symptoms, the quantity of OPG secreted by explants of the PIC was greater in explants from symptomatic patients and could be significantly reduced within 48 hours of incubation with the angiotensin II blocker irbesartan.

Conclusion: OPG and OPN are upregulated in symptomatic human carotid atherosclerosis with possible implications for plaque stability. Angiotensin II blockade is able to downregulate OPG secretion in vitro.

Item ID: 7138
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Atherosclerosis; carotid arteries; carotid artery plaque
ISSN: 1524-4628
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2010 04:46
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 117
Downloads: Total: 2
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