The historical development of occupational health in Australia part 2: 1970-2000

Smith, Derek R., and Leggat, Peter A. (2005) The historical development of occupational health in Australia part 2: 1970-2000. Journal of Occupational Health , 27 (2). pp. 137-150.

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Abstract

Australian occupational health was shaped by various social, political and economic forces during the latter half of the last century. An overall downturn in manufacturing and increased wage restraint during the early 1970s, encouraged trade unions to turn their attention to broader social issues, such as workplace health. Mainstream Australian society was also being influenced by wider community sentiment during this time, including anti-war protests, environmental lobby groups and the women's movement. Interest in occupational health subsequently flourished, with formalised education commencing in the 1970s, and the number of tertiary courses rapidly increasing throughout the 1980s. Occupational health and worker's compensation legislation similarly evolved throughout the latter stages of the twentieth century. Australian workplace health and safety is now based on a theory of self-regulation and managed in a tri-partite model, consisting of employers, trade unions and government departments. In Part 1 of our occupational health review, we outlined the historical development of Australian occupational health between 1788 and 1970. In the current paper, Part 2, we describe the historical development of Australian occupational health between 1970 and 2000.

Item ID: 6714
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: 1970-2000; Australia; history; occupational health; review
ISSN: 1348-9585
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2010 23:49
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 51%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 49%
Citation Count from Scopus Scopus 2
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