Pressure support ventilation with the ProSeal® laryngeal mask airway. A comparison of sevoflurane, isoflurane and propofol
Keller, C., Brimacombe, J., Hoermann, C., Loekinger, A., and Kleinsasser, A. (2005) Pressure support ventilation with the ProSeal® laryngeal mask airway. A comparison of sevoflurane, isoflurane and propofol. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 22 (8). pp. 630-633.
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Background and objective: There are no data about the influence of anaesthetics on cardiovascular variables during pressure support ventilation of the lungs through the laryngeal mask airway. We compared propofol, sevoflurane and isoflurane for maintenance of anaesthesia with the ProSeal® laryngeal mask airway during pressure support ventilation.
Methods: Sixty healthy adults undergoing peripheral musculo-skeletal surgery were randomized for maintenance with sevoflurane end-tidal 2%, isoflurane end-tidal 1.1% or propofol 6 mg kg−1 h−1 in oxygen 33% and air. Pressure support ventilation comprised positive end-expiratory pressure set at 5 cmH2O, and pressure support set 5 cmH2O above positive end-expiratory pressure. Pressure support was initiated when inspiration produced a 2 cmH2O reduction in airway pressure. A blinded observer recorded cardiorespiratory variables (heart rate, mean blood pressure, oxygen saturation, airway occlusion pressure, respiratory rate, expired tidal volume, expired minute volume and end-tidal CO2), adverse events and emergence times.
Results: Respiratory rate and minute volume were 10–21% lower, and end-tidal CO2 6–11% higher with the propofol group compared with the sevoflurane or isoflurane groups, but otherwise cardiorespiratory variables were similar among groups. No adverse events occurred in any group. Emergence times were longer with the propofol group compared with the sevoflurane or isoflurane groups (10 vs. 7 vs. 7 min).
Conclusion: Lung ventilation is less effective and emergence times are longer with propofol than sevoflurane or isoflurane for maintenance of anaesthesia during pressure support ventilation with the ProSeal® laryngeal mask airway. However, these differences are small and of doubtful clinical importance.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||intratacheal; intubation; laryngeal masks; pulmonary ventilation; artificial respiration; pressure support ventilation; medical ventilators|
|Date Deposited:||16 Feb 2010 04:45|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||