Nanofiltration for the possible reuse of water and recovery of sodium chloride salt from textile effluent
Shu, L., Waite, T.D., Bliss, P.J., Fane, A., and Jegatheesan, V. (2005) Nanofiltration for the possible reuse of water and recovery of sodium chloride salt from textile effluent. Desalination, 172 (3). pp. 235-243.
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During the reactive dyeing of cotton, salts such as sodium chloride (NaCI) are placed in a dyebath to aid the exhaustion of various dyes onto the fabric while bases are added to raise the pH from around neutral to pH 11 to achieve fixation. Afterwards, the used dyebath solution, called dyebath spent liquor, is discharged with almost all the salts and bases added as well as unfixed dyes. Consequently, many raw materials are lost in the waste stream ending up in the environment as pollutants. In this study possibilities of reusing the water and salts of dyebaths were investigated using a nanofiltration membrane. When the NaCI concentration in the spent liquor was increased from 10 to 80 g/L, the NaC1 rejection by the membrane was found to decrease initially; however, the NaC1 rejection increased over time, which was not expected. The aggregation of dye was also studied and found to decrease in the concentrate when the salt concentration was increased. This information is useful for the textile industry in evaluating the treated water quality for the purpose of reuse.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||dye aggregation; dye rejection; nanofiltration membrane; salt rejection|
|Date Deposited:||05 Feb 2010 03:51|
|FoR Codes:||09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies @ 80%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090701 Environmental Engineering Design @ 20%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||