Controlled trial of hyperbaric oxygen treatment for alkali corneal burn in the rabbit

Hirst, Lawrence, Summers, Phillip M., Griffiths, David, Bancroft, Josephine, and Lillicrap, Gary R. (2004) Controlled trial of hyperbaric oxygen treatment for alkali corneal burn in the rabbit. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 32 (1). pp. 67-70.

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Abstract

Purpose: to evaluate the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of alkali-induced corneal burns in an animal model.

Methods: twenty-four rabbits were randomized into a control group (n = 12) and hyperbaric oxygen treatment group (n = 12). After induction of anaesthesia, the alkali burn model was established by application of 1 N sodium hydroxide to one eye of each rabbit. The hyperbaric oxygen treatment group was treated each day for 21 days with hyperbaric oxygen at 2.4 Atmospheres Absolute (ATA) for 1 h. The eyes of the animals were examined daily for 2 weeks and then weekly until the end of the trial. The principal endpoint was that of perforation of the cornea at which time the animals were killed with a lethal dose of either intravenous or intraperitoneal barbiturate and the eyes immediately enucleated and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin. All animals in which complete healing took placed were also killed, the eyes removed, fixed and examined histologically. Photographs were taken of the rabbit's eyes at weekly intervals and the area of vascularization and epithelial defects in the hyperbaric and control groups were compared.

Results: equal numbers (seven) of the control and hyperbaric oxygen treated groups had perforated corneas and there was no statistical difference in the mean time to perforation (control 30.1 days; treated 30 days). There was also no statistical difference between the two groups with respect to epithelial defect size.

Conclusion: treatment with hyperbaric oxygen for 1 h daily for 21 days had no beneficial effect on alkali-induced corneal burns.

Item ID: 6093
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: alkali corneal burns; hyperbaric oxygen; rabbits
ISSN: 1442-9071
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2010 00:36
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1113 Ophthalmology and Optometry > 111399 Ophthalmology and Optometry not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 5
Downloads: Total: 2
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