Synchronising oestrus with oestradiol benzoate after using a two-dose prostaglandin treatment to synchronise luteolysis in dairy heifers

Cavalieri, J., Hepworth, G., and Fitzpatrick, L.A. (2005) Synchronising oestrus with oestradiol benzoate after using a two-dose prostaglandin treatment to synchronise luteolysis in dairy heifers. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83 (1-2). pp. 91-96.

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the reproductive performance and pattern of onset of oestrus in dairy heifers in which oestrous cycles were synchronised with two doses of prostaglandin (PG) F2aL and oestrus was synchronised with oestradiol benzoate (ODB).

Procedure: Dairy heifers in two herds (herd A, n=192; herd B, n = 267) were treated with two doses of an analogue of PGF2aL (cloprostenol, 375 mUg, IM) 12 days apart. Heifers not detected in oestrus 48 h after the last dose of PGF2aL were either left untreated (No ODB, n=147) or treated with ODB (0.75 mg IM, n = 126). Onset of oestrus was monitored at 0, 24, 48, 80, 96 and 120 h after the last dose of PGF2aL Heifers were inseminated on detection of oestrus.

Results: After the last dose of PGF2aL, oestrous detection rates at 80 h (43.5 vs 72.6%, P < 0.001), 96 h (74.1 vs 84.9%, P=0.025) and 120 h (78.2 vs 86.3%, P=0.082) were less in the No ODB compared to the ODB heifers, respectively. Conception rates (percentage pregnant that were inseminated) were greater in the No ODB compared to the ODB heifers (64.3% vs 47.6%, respectively; P=0.006), while pregnancy rates (percentage pregnant that were treated) were also greater in the No ODB compared to the ODB heifers, but differences were not significant (50.3% vs 41.1%, respectively; P = 0.068).

Conclusion: Administration of ODB to heifers not in oestrus 48 h after a two-dose PGF2aL treatment increases the percentage of heifers detected in oestrus by 80 h, 96 h and 120 h after treatment, by an estimated 29%, 11% and 8%, respectively. However, administration of ODB decreases conception rates by an estimated 17%, and may decrease pregnancy rates (estimated 9% difference). Results are consistent with the hypothesis that ODB can increase submission rates but reduce conception rates following a two dose treatment with PGF2aL.

Item ID: 5987
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1751-0813
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2010 22:44
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070706 Veterinary Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 3
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