Prevalence of hand dermatitis among hospital nurses working in a tropical environment

Smith, Derek R., Smyth, Wendy, Leggat, Peter A., and Wang, Rui-Sheng (2005) Prevalence of hand dermatitis among hospital nurses working in a tropical environment. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22 (3). pp. 28-32.

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Abstract

Background: Although hand dermatitis (HD) is a common occupational problem among hospital nurses, few epidemiological studies of this disease have been conducted in regional areas or tropical environments. Aim: The aim of our investigation was, therefore, to investigate HD prevalence and correlates among nurses within a unique Australian setting. Design: We recruited a cohort of 148 female nurses from a large tertiary hospital in north Queensland, Australia, and administered a previously validated, self-reporting HD questionnaire. Results: The 12 month period prevalence ranged from 43.2% to 59.3%, with an overall group mean of 50.0%. There were no statistically significant differences in HD prevalence between the different hospital wards (p=0.4238). During multiple logistic regression, a history of allergic rash was shown to increase the HD risk 5.54-fold (odds ratio: 5.5, 95% CI: 1.9-19.2, p=0.0038). The risk of HD was also related to increased hand washing frequency (OR 5.8, 95% CI: 1.1-33.4, p=0.0402). Conclusions: Overall, the occurrence of HD among Australian nurses was relatively consistent across various hospital wards. Their 12 month period prevalence of HD was, however, generally higher than previous reports from other countries.

Item ID: 5893
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: epidemiology; hand dermatitis; hospital; nurses; tropics; tropical environment, rural
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ISSN: 1447-4328
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2010 04:47
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 51%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 49%
Citation Count from Scopus Scopus 12
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