A comparison of the PAexpress™ and face mask Plus Guedel airway by inexperienced personnel after mannequin-only training

Dimitriou, V., Voyagis, G.S., Iatrou, C., and Brimacombe, J. (2003) A comparison of the PAexpress™ and face mask Plus Guedel airway by inexperienced personnel after mannequin-only training. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 96 (4). pp. 1214-1217.

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Abstract

The PAxpressTM (PAX) is a new extraglottic airway device consisting of an anatomically curved tube, an inflatable circular cuff in the midsection, a noninflatable gilled conical cuff at the distal end, and an anterior-facing, rectangular hooded vent between the two cuffs. We compared the ability of nurses with no previous airway management experience to ventilate the lungs of 45 ASA physical status I and II anesthetized, paralyzed patients using either the PAX or face mask and Guedel airway (FM/GA) after mannequin-only training. Nurses were asked to ventilate the patient to an expired target tidal volume of 7 mL/kg and then to the maximum tidal volume achievable. The FM/GA was used first and the then the PAX. The target tidal volume was achieved in all patients with both devices. There were no differences in the time taken (PAX, 41 ± 15 s; FM/GA, 39 ± 25 s) or the number of insertion attempts to achieve the target tidal volume. There were no differences in the frequency of esophageal leaks at the target (PAX, 9%; FM/GA, 4%) and maximum tidal volume (PAX, 51%; FM/GA, 49%). The maximal tidal volume (1261 ± 306 versus 958 ± 220 mL; P < 0.0001) and peak airway pressure (37 ± 5 versus 28 ± 6 cm H2O; P < 0.0001) was larger for the PAX, but blood was detected more frequently (22% versus 0%; P = 0.001). We conclude that ventilation to a target tidal volume of 7 mL/kg in anesthetized, paralyzed adults is equally successful for the PAX and FM/GA by inexperienced nurses after mannequin-only training. However, the maximal tidal volume and peak airway pressure is larger and airway trauma more common with the PAX.

IMPLICATIONS: Ventilation to a target tidal volume of 7 mL/kg in anesthetized, paralyzed adults is equally successful for the PAxpressTM (PAX) and Face Mask/Guedel Airway by inexperienced nurses after mannequin-only training. However, the maximal tidal volume and peak airway pressure is larger and airway trauma more common with the PAX.

Item ID: 5734
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: anesthetized adult patients; Bagasse; cuffed oropharyngeal airway; gastric insufflation; laryngeal mask; manual ventilation
ISSN: 0003-2999
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2010 01:13
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110301 Anaesthesiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920115 Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 5
Downloads: Total: 1
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