A comparison of the ProSeal and classic laryngeal mask airways for airway management by inexperienced personnel after manikin-only training

Coulson, A., Brimacombe, J., Keller, C., Wiseman, L., Ingham, T., Cheung, D., Popwycz, L., and Hall, B. (2003) A comparison of the ProSeal and classic laryngeal mask airways for airway management by inexperienced personnel after manikin-only training. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 31 (3). pp. 286-289.

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Abstract

We compared the ProSeal (PLMA) and Classic (LMA) laryngeal mask airway for airway management by inexperienced personnel. Nine nurses from the post-anaesthesia care unit, with no prior experience of LMA or PLMA insertion, were observed inserting the LMA and PLMA in 60 ASA 1 to 2 anaesthetized, paralysed adults following manikin-only training. The time to achieve an effective airway (2 consecutive expired tidal volumes (6 ml/kg; maximum 2 minutes allowed), the number of insertion attempts and the reasons for failure (inability to insert into pharynx or inadequate ventilation) were determined by analysis of digital video recordings. The first attempt success rate (LMA, 85%; PLMA, 83%), overall success rate (LMA, 88%; PLMA, 90%) and effective airway time (LMA, 39±13s; PLMA, 43±19s) were similar. Failure was from an inability to insert into the pharynx in five with the LMA and three with the PLMA, and inadequate ventilation with two from the LMA and three from the PLMA. Effective airway time and the number of failures were similar for the first and second device. Failure of both devices occurred in four patients. We conclude that airway management in anaesthetized, paralysed adults is equally successful for the LMA and PLMA by inexperienced personnel following manikin-only training. The PLMA is worthy of consideration as a tool for emergency airway management by inexperienced personnel.

Item ID: 5729
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: airway management; laryngeal mask
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ISSN: 1448-0271
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2009 05:44
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110203 Respiratory Diseases @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920115 Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 24
Downloads: Total: 3
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