Environmental policy

Cocklin, Chris (2009) Environmental policy. In: Kitchin, R., and Thrift, N., (eds.) International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Elsevier , Oxford, UK, pp. 540-545.

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Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that ‘policy’ is a term that evades precise and agreed definition. Indeed, there is the often-cited metaphor that defining policy is like trying to describe an elephant – easy enough to recognize if you have seen one before, but difficult to describe to those who have not. Most definitions refer to policy, in one way or the other, as agenda setting combined with action.

One useful way of representing policy is by establishing its relation to other aspects of decision making and action, as in the following hierarchical arrangement: Policy – the setting of direction and broad intent, objectives (e.g., an objective to reduce greenhouse gas emissions); Program – a strategy and management framework for achieving policy (e.g., to achieve the policy by reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industry); and Plan – a specific element or aspect of a program (e.g., encourage emissions reductions by providing subsidies to implement energy efficiency in industry).

Item ID: 5669
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
Keywords: environment; environmental justice; environmental regulation; environmental security; governance; public policy; sustainability; sustainable development
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ISBN: 978-0-08-044911-1
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2010 01:16
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 20%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy @ 80%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 80%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960609 Sustainability Indicators @ 20%
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