Age and growth of longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in tropical and temperate waters of the central Indo-Pacific

Griffiths, Shane P., Fry, Gary C., Manson, Fiona J., and Lou, Dong C. (2010) Age and growth of longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) in tropical and temperate waters of the central Indo-Pacific. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67 (1). pp. 125-134.

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Abstract

Age and growth of longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) were assessed by examination of annual growth increments in sectioned sagittal otoliths from 461 fish (238–1250 mm fork length, LF) sampled from tropical and temperate waters in the central Indo-Pacific between February 2003 and April 2005. Edge and microincrement analyses (presumed daily increments) suggest that longtail tuna deposit a single annual growth increment mainly between August and October. Age was, therefore, estimated for all fish by counting assumed annual growth increments. Ages ranged from 154 d to 18.7 years, with most fish being 3–9 years. Five growth models were fitted to length-at-age data, all of which indicated that the species is relatively slow-growing and long-lived. Recaptures of two tagged fish at liberty for 6.2 and 10.5 years support this notion. A bias-corrected form of Akaike's Information Criterion determined that the Schnute–Richards model provided the best fit to length-at-age data, with model parameter estimates (sexes combined) of L{infty} = 135.4 cm LF, K = 22.3 year–1, t0 = 0.120 years, {delta} = 150.0, v = 0.019, and {gamma} = 2.7 x 10–8. There was no significant difference in growth between sexes. The results suggest that longtail tuna grow more slowly and live longer than other tuna species of similar size. Coupled with their restricted neritic distribution, longtail tuna may be vulnerable to overexploitation by fisheries, and caution needs to be exercised in managing the species until more reliable biological and catch data are collected to assess the status of the population.

Item ID: 5495
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Australia; generalized von Bertalanffy; Gompertz; northern bluefin tuna; Schnute–Richards model; marine science
ISSN: 1095-9289
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2009 00:28
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070499 Fisheries Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 7
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