Environmental and socioeconomic dynamics of the Indian Ocean tsunami in Penang, Malaysia
Horton, Benjamin P., Bird, Michael, Birkland, Thomas, Cowie, Susan, Ong, Jin Eong, Hawkes, Andrea D., Khoon, Gong Wooi, Law, Lisa, Macgregor, Colin, Shau-Hwai, Aileen Tan, Teh, Tiong Sa, and Yasin, Zulfigar (2008) Environmental and socioeconomic dynamics of the Indian Ocean tsunami in Penang, Malaysia. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 29. pp. 307-324.
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This paper addresses some of the environmental and socioeconomic dimensions of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami on Penang, Malaysia. We aim to offer wide access to unique and perishable data, while at the same time providing insight to ongoing debates about hazards, vulnerability and social capital. Our social survey examines some of the dynamics that shaped the tsunami impact, response and recovery process. While in terms of lives lost Penang may not conform to arguments surrounding vulnerable environments, the recovery process is more marked by social disparities in terms of the ability to access resources. Our physical survey records local topography, flow depth and flow direction, and charts the differential impact of the tsunami. Yet measuring hazards is not a straightforward process, and relies on reflexive methodologies and eyewitness accounts.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||emergency response, Malaysia, tsunami, vulnerability, social capital|
|Funders:||National Science Foundation|
|Date Deposited:||28 Oct 2009 22:02|
|FoR Codes:||04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040604 Natural Hazards @ 50%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160499 Human Geography not elsewhere classified @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9610 Natural Hazards > 961099 Natural Hazards not elsewhere classified @ 50%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 50%
|Citation Count from Web of Science||