Fasting or feasting in a fish social hierarchy

Wong, Marian Y.L., Munday, Philip L., Buston, Peter, and Jones, Geoffrey P. (2008) Fasting or feasting in a fish social hierarchy. Current Biology, 18 (9). R372-R373.

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Abstract

Understanding why and how subordinates of many social animals remain consistently smaller than dominants is important for determining the mechanisms underlying the structure and stability of hierarchical societies. Here we show that competition over food and conflict over social rank are ultimately responsible for the regulation of subordinate growth in the group-living reef fish, Paragobiodon xanthosomus (Gobiidae). Subordinates benefit from reducing their own food intake, and hence growth, when they approach a size where they risk conflict with dominants. Dieting appears to be a behavioural mechanism ensuring that subordinates remain smaller than dominants within the hierarchy.

Item ID: 5179
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: hierachy; social rank; competition; food intake; growth; dieting
ISSN: 1879-0445
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2009 05:46
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060201 Behavioural Ecology @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 22
Downloads: Total: 6
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