From Mare Liberum to Mare Reservarum

Russ, Garry R., and Zeller, Dirk C. (2003) From Mare Liberum to Mare Reservarum. Marine Policy, 27 (1). pp. 75-78.

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Abstract

Four hundred years ago, Hugo Grotius defined the notion of Mare Liberum, leading to the concept of the ‘Freedom of the Seas’. This concept has dominated humanity's relationship with the oceans and its renewable resources ever since. We present the conceptual reasons for society having arrived at the current ecological, economic and policy dilemma of widespread overfishing by global marine fisheries. We propose a call for global action to change our attitudes and behaviour towards the oceans away from ‘free and open’ towards ‘heritage’. We then propose one mechanism (ocean zoning) that we consider crucial to address what is clearly a supra-national problem of global dimensions.

Item ID: 4942
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Mare Liberum; Mare Reservarum; marine reserve; ocean zoning; overfishing
ISSN: 1872-9460
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2009 22:31
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 33
Downloads: Total: 1
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