Numerical simulation of free-fountains in a homogeneous fluid

Srinarayana, N., Armfield, S.W., and Lin, W.X. (2007) Numerical simulation of free-fountains in a homogeneous fluid. In: Proceedings of the 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, pp. 856-861. From: 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 3-7 December 2007, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Abstract

The behaviour of plane fountains, resulting from the injection of dense fluid upwards into a large container of homogeneous fluid of lower density, is investigated. The transient behaviour of fountains with parabolic inlet velocity profile and Reynolds numbers, 50 ≤ Re ≤ 150, Prandtl numbers, Pr=7, 300 and 700, and Froude numbers, Fr = 0.25 to 10.0 are studied numerically. The fountain behaviour falls into three distinct regimes; steady and symmetric; unsteady and periodic flapping; unsteady and aperiodic. The analytical scaling of nondimensional fountain height, zm, with Fr and Re is zm ∼ Fr4/3−2γ/3Re −γ. The constant γ is found empirically for each of the regimes. The fountain height decreases with increase in Reynolds number in the steady region but increases with Reynolds number in the unsteady regimes. However, the fountain height increases with Froude number in all regimes. Numerical results and the analytical scaling show that zm is independent of Prandtl number in the range considered. The fountain exhibits periodic lateral oscillations, i.e., periodic flapping for intermediate Froude numbers ranging from 1.25 ≤ Fr ≤ 2.25.

Item ID: 4825
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: fountain; numerical solution; instabiltiy; entrainment; transitional flow; buoyancy
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ISBN: 978-1-86499-894-8
Funders: Australian Research Council
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2009 04:04
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 50%
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