Magnetic field effects on spatial relaxation of swarm particles in the idealized steady-state Townsend experiment

Li, B., Robson, R.E., and White, R.D. (2006) Magnetic field effects on spatial relaxation of swarm particles in the idealized steady-state Townsend experiment. Physical Review E (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 74 (2). pp. 1-13.

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Abstract

The effect of a magnetic field at right angles to an electric field on spatial relaxation of a swarm of charged particles emitted by a plane source into a gas—the idealized steady-state Townsend experiment—is examined. The Boltzmann equation is solved using an adaptation of the "two-temperature" moment method, involving a Burnett function representation of the velocity distribution function, a technique which is valid for charged particles of arbitrary mass and is intrinsically of a "multiterm" nature. Results are presented for electrons in model and real gases, and are benchmarked against an exact analytical solution of the Boltzmann equation for a particular collision model. The application of a magnetic field significantly alters the relaxation profiles: in general, it can both enhance or retard spatial relaxation of transport properties. For methane gas, a multiterm analysis is essential to correctly account for the relaxation near the source, even though a two-term approximation may be sufficient when the magnetic field is sufficiently strong and hydrodynamic conditions dominate.

Item ID: 4604
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Boltzmann equation; electron swarms; plasma discharge modelling; Townsend discharge; method of moments; electron collisions; plasma transport processes; relaxation; plasma collision processes; magnetic field effects; organic compounds
ISSN: 1539-3755
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2009 00:51
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 13
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