Multiple foliations defined by different sillimanite crystal habits, partial melting and the late metamorphic development of the Cannington Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, Northeast Australia

Kim, Hyeong Soo, and Bell, Tim H. (2005) Multiple foliations defined by different sillimanite crystal habits, partial melting and the late metamorphic development of the Cannington Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, Northeast Australia. Gondwana Research, 8 (4). pp. 493-509.

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Abstract

A succession of foliations defined by different sillimanite-bearing structural fabrics suggests that the macroscopic, isoclinal synform that dominates the geometry of the Cannington Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, northwest Queensland, Australia formed during D2. The five foliations in this succession, S1 to S5, are defined by aligned sillimanite with habits ranging from individual crystals in S1 through S4 to clusters of fibrolite in S5 in both the matrix and as inclusion trails within garnet and gahnite (Zn-rich spinel) porphyroblasts. S1, S3 and S5 formed as sub-horizontal foliations, whereas S1a, S2 and S4 formed sub-vertically. Foliation intersection/inflexion axes (FIAs) within garnet and gahnite porphyroblasts preserve a succession of trends that shifts from W-E to N-S. This succession indicates that this region experienced N-S followed by W-E bulk crustal shortening. N-S shortening occurred during D1and D1a, and W-E shortening occurred from D2 to D5. Prismatic and rhombic sillimanite produced during D1-D4 accompanied prograde metamorphism to ca. 634 62°C and 4.8 1.3 kbar. The coexistence of fibrous, prismatic and rhombic sillimanite resulted from post peak metamorphic reactivation of the early foliations during D5. The synformal D2 fold was intensified during D4 by W-E bulk shortening. Local partial melting occurred after D1 in the appropriate bulk rock compositions, based on calculation of P-T pseudosections in the chemical systems KFMASH, KFMASHTO, NCKFMASH and MnNCKFMASH. Zn mineralization related to gahnite growth occurred during D3 through D4, and was redistributed by partial melting into structural and rheological sites during D4 and D5shearing.

Item ID: 4523
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: foliation intersection/inflexion axes; partial melting; sillimanite, gahnite; Zn mineralisation
ISSN: 1342-937X
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2009 23:45
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8499 Other Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources) > 849999 Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 6
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