Community recovery and NGO policy in the developing world: case study of post Civil War reconstruction in Sierra Leone

King, David (2004) Community recovery and NGO policy in the developing world: case study of post Civil War reconstruction in Sierra Leone. In: 11th Annual Conference Proceedings, The International Emergency Management Society , pp. 67-78. From: 11th Annual International Emergency Management Society Conference, 18-21 May 2004, Melbourne, VIC.

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Abstract

Developing countries experience a lack of resources, trained personnel and infrastructure that constrains their ability to cope with and recover from major disasters. Consequently, they are reliant on support from external countries, but in particular the support of non-government development and relief organisations during the processes of response and recovery. Against this background of NGO involvement, the NGOs themselves have been evolving through a process of adaptation to new responsibilities that challenge their capabilities, accountability and levels of involvement. The ten year civil war in Sierra Leone resulted in enormous displacement of the population, issues relating to the problems of re-integrating child combatants and those who were maimed and traumatised in the war, and widespread destruction of housing, service facilities and infrastructure. While its economy had been in decline for more than a decade before 1990, the war dominated all sectors of the economy, reducing Sierra Leone to the status of one of the world's poorest countries. In the face of this devastation the Government and the people are especially poorly resourced for the enormity of the reconstruction. Government policy is to encourage nongovernment organisations to bring funds and personnel to the nation to work in partnership towards rebuilding the country's infrastructure and serving the needs of the people. The result has been a proliferation in the number of NGOs establishing themselves in the capital, Freetown, and in a piecemeal manner in the provinces. The variety and diversity of these organisations present difficulties and contradictions in the coordination of a policy of reconstruction and recovery. While NGOs provide recovery facilities for portions of the country, most of the citizens of Sierra Leone are independently reconstructing their own communities, within a pre-existing traditional framework that is poorly integrated with the formal recovery program.

Item ID: 4505
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: disaster recovery; Sierra Leone; war
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2009 04:09
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160499 Human Geography not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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