Ultracold atomic collisions in tight harmonic traps: quantum-defect model and application to metastable helium atoms

Peach, GIllian, Whittingham, Ian B., and Beams, Timothy J. (2004) Ultracold atomic collisions in tight harmonic traps: quantum-defect model and application to metastable helium atoms. Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics), 70 (3). 032713-1.

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Abstract

We analyze a system of two colliding ultracold atoms under strong harmonic confinement from the viewpoint of quantum defect theory and formulate a generalized self-consistent method for determining the allowed energies. We also present two highly efficient computational methods for determining the bound state energies and eigenfunctions of such systems. The perturbed harmonic oscillator problem is characterized by a long asymptotic region beyond the effective range of the interatomic potential. The first method, which is based on quantum defect theory and is an adaptation of a technique developed by one of the authors (G.P.) for highly excited states in a modified Coulomb potential, is very efficient for integrating through this outer region. The second method is a direct numerical solution of the radial Schrödinger equation using a discrete variable representation of the kinetic energy operator and a scaled radial coordinate grid. The methods are applied to the case of trapped spin-polarized metastable helium atoms. The calculated eigenvalues agree very closely for the two methods, and with the eigenvalues computed using the generalized self-consistent method.

Item ID: 4496
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1094-1622
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2009 06:58
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 9
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