Genetic modification, ecological good governance and the law: New Zealand in the age of risk
Havemann, Paul (2003) Genetic modification, ecological good governance and the law: New Zealand in the age of risk. James Cook University Law Review, 10. pp. 7-50.
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Three major, interconnected, revolutionary processes of change with an impact unprecedented in its velocity, intensity and extensity have since about the 1980s been effecting the 'modernisation of modernisation' - a fundamental rupture with the practices and capacities of pre-modern and simple modern times. These three change processes are:
• globalisation - exemplified by the demise of the Westphalian framework of inter-state relations, the transformation of the state, and the homogenisation and polarisation of polities, the growth of transnational capitalism, the Washington consensus, and global and local economic governance;
• the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) revolution - exemplified by the collapse of space and time and the rise of informational capitalism;
• the new biotechnology revolution - exemplified by the capacity to manufacture life:) Genetic Modification/Engineering coupled with bioinformatics and the emergence of genet1c commerce.
Elsewhere I have tried to address globalisation in local and global terms, and dimensions of reflexive modernisation, citizenship and human rights in spheres such as the ICT revolution. In this paper the biotechnology revolution and specifically Genetic Modification (GM) is the lens through which the 'age of risk' or risk society is appraised. The principal focus of the paper is the context for, and nature of, regulation of GM-related risks such as field trials, by New Zealand's Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA), ERMA operates under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996. This Act was passed to 'protect the environment, and the health and safety of people and communities, by preventing or managing the adverse effects of hazardous substances and new organisms'.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
Reproduced with permission from James Cook University Law Review.
|Date Deposited:||21 Sep 2009 04:56|
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