Precise U-Pb mineral ages, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd systematics for the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe-constraints on late Archean events in the Zimbabwe craton and Limpopo belt

Oberthür , Thomas, Davis, Donald W., Blenkinsop, Thomas G., and Höhndorf, Axel (2002) Precise U-Pb mineral ages, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd systematics for the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe-constraints on late Archean events in the Zimbabwe craton and Limpopo belt. Precambrian Research, 113 (3-4). pp. 293-305.

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Abstract

U–Pb dating of zircon and rutile from bronzitites of the P1 pyroxenite layer of the Great Dyke precisely constrains the crystallization age of this part of the intrusion to 2575.4±0.7 Ma. Whole rock Rb–Sr and Sm–Nd data of various rock types sampled along the entire length of the Great Dyke record inhomogeneous initial isotope ratios, and also later (<1.5 Ga) disturbances of the Rb–Sr and Sm–Nd isotope systems. The 2575.4±0.7 Ma emplacement age of the Great Dyke is ≈120 Ma older than assumed until recently, and calls for new interpretations of the crustal development of the Zimbabwe craton. Close temporal links between the intrusion of the Great Dyke and the emplacement of late Archean granitoids (Chilimanzi and Razi suites) of the Zimbabwe craton are indicated by the new precise age data. The Chilimanzi and Razi suites of granitoids form at least two sub-suites, which can be described as pre- and post-Great Dyke in age. The Great Dyke age now falls within the range of ages for tectonic events in the Limpopo belt including granitoid magmatism, metamorphism, and thrusting of the Northern Marginal Zone over the Zimbabwe craton. A west-to-east diachroneity in both thrusting and crustal stabilization is suggested by the observations that the Great Dyke cuts across the thrust in the west, but syn-tectonic granitoids that are younger than the Great Dyke are deformed by the thrusting in the east. Intrusion of the Great Dyke cannot be linked to collision of the Zimbabwe and Kaapvaal cratons. The overlap in ages of intrusion of the Great Dyke and late Archean events in the Zimbabwe craton shows that Archean crust was cratonized shortly after large-scale melting and granite intrusion.

Item ID: 4406
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Archean; Great Dyke; isotope data; Limpopo belt; U-Pb dating; Zimbabwe craton
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ISSN: 1872-7433
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2009 03:42
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040303 Geochronology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 30
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