Allostatic load mediates the impact of stress and trauma on physical and mental health in Indigenous Australians

Sarnyai, Zoltán, Berger, Maximus, and Jawan, Isabella (2016) Allostatic load mediates the impact of stress and trauma on physical and mental health in Indigenous Australians. Australasian Psychiatry, 24 (1). pp. 72-75.

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Abstract

Objectives: A considerable gap exists in health and social emotional well-being between Indigenous people and non-Indigenous Australians. Recent research in stress neurobiology highlights biological pathways that link early adversity and traumas as well as life stresses to ill health. We argue that the neurobiological stress response and its maladaptive changes, termed allostatic load, provide a useful framework to understand how adversity leads to physical and mental illness in Indigenous people. In this paper we review the biology of allostatic load and make links between stress-induced systemic hormonal, metabolic and immunological changes and physical and mental illnesses.

Conclusions: Exposure to chronic stress throughout life results in an increased allostatic load that may contribute to a number of metabolic, cardiovascular and mental disorders that shorten life expectancy in Indigenous Australians.

Item ID: 42793
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: chronic stress, allostatic load, indigenous peoples, health, mental health, well-being
ISSN: 1440-1665
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Research Data: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26646603
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2016 01:53
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Determinants of Health @ 100%
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