The structural systematics of protonation of some important nitrogen-base ligands. III. Some (univalent) anion salts of some hindered unidentate nitrogen bases

Effendy, , Junk, Peter C., Kepert, Cameron J., Louis, Lance M., Morien, Travis C., Skelton, Brian W., and White, Allan H. (2006) The structural systematics of protonation of some important nitrogen-base ligands. III. Some (univalent) anion salts of some hindered unidentate nitrogen bases. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, 632 (7). pp. 1312-1325.

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Abstract

Recent structural studies of salts of the 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinium cation [tmpH]+ (chloride, bromide; thiocyanate) present as interesting dimeric or polymeric associations linked by pairs of directional hydrogen-bonds from the cationic = NH2+ moieties to two-coordinate anions. Present single crystal X-ray studies have characterized the iodide, perchlorate, nitrate and trifluoroacetate complexes, all, like those of the preceding studies, of composition [tmpH]+X- (anhydrous). A variety of forms are found: the nitrate compound is dimeric [[tmpH](O·NO·O)2[Htmp]], the trifluoroacetate compound being similar in form while the iodide and perchlorate salts are mixtures of dimers (with the anions essentially single atom bridges) and single-stranded helical polymers, the stoichiometric ratio of these being 1:1 and 2:1 in terms of [tmpH]X formula units, respectively. A study of 4-keto-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidinium thiocyanate shows it to be a dimer [[OtmpH](SCN/NSC)[HtmpO]] unlike its previously studied chloride analogue which is a cyclic tetramer. A new P21/n phase of di-isopropylammonium chloride, derivative of the previously described P212121 and P21 forms, is reported, together with descriptions of protonated salts of the other hindered unidentate bases 2,6-lutidine (as the chloride salt), quinoline (as the perchlorate, trifluoroacetate, hexachlorostannate and bisulfate salts) and 2-quinaldine (as the chloride (anhydrous and monohydrate) and hexachlorostannate salts), all displaying arrays derivative of ion-pair formation (extended by anion-anion hydrogen-bonds as well in the bisulfate salt) and, in the case of the aromatic bases, dominated by parallel stacking.

Item ID: 4236
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: tetramethylpiperidinium salts; quinolinium salts; quinaldinium salts; lutidinium salts; crystal structures
ISSN: 1521-3749
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2009 02:29
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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