The structural systematics of protonation of some important nitrogen-base ligands. I. Some univalent anion salts of doubly protonated 2,2':6',2"-terpyridyl

Junk, Peter C., Kepert, Cameron J., Semenova, Lioubov I., Skelton, Brian W., and White, Allan H. (2006) The structural systematics of protonation of some important nitrogen-base ligands. I. Some univalent anion salts of doubly protonated 2,2':6',2"-terpyridyl. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, 632 (7). pp. 1293-1302.

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Abstract

A number of salts of 2,2':6',2" -terpyridyl (tpy) with univalent anions (halides : X = Cl, Br, I; oxyanions of increasing basicity: ClO4, NO3, 'tfa' = trifluoroacetate, 'tca' = trichloroacetate), variously solvated, have been structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray studies. In all cases the tpy moieties are found to be doubly protonated [tpyH2]2+, the hydrogen atoms being associated with the nitrogen atoms of the peripheral rings, these together with the central nitrogen atom being directed towards a common focus, in most cases 'chelating' one of the counter-ion components in diverse ways. Thus the chloride and bromide compounds are isomorphous [(tpyH2)X]+X-·H2O arrays; a second dihydrate phase is also described for the chloride, the two forms having the unchelated anion and water molecules engaged in hydrogen-bonded networks essentially independent of [(tpyH2)X]+. The iodide is anhydrous, and of a different structural type, the anions, presumably too large for chelation, lying out of plane to either side, and linking different cations into a one-dimensional polymer; in the perchlorate, the unsolvated aggregate is now discrete [(tpyH2)X2], a pair of perchlorate ions disposed to either side of the tpy plane, lying each with one oxygen atom interacting with both of the two protonating hydrogen atoms. In the anhydrous X = NO3, tfa, tca arrays, the lattices are solvated by the parent acids; one oxygen atom of each anion is chelated by the [tpyH2]2+ as in the chlorides, the other anion, with the acid, forming an independent 'acid salt' counterion [XHX]- in each case, retaining the additional protonic hydrogen rather than further protonating the central ring, all being of the form [(tpyH2)X]X·HX = [(tpyH2)X][X(HX)].

Item ID: 4234
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: terpyridylium salts; crystal structure; acid salts
ISSN: 1521-3749
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2009 01:53
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 11
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