A new parasite that infects eggs of the mud crab, Scylla serrata, in Australia

Kvingedal, Renate, Owens, Leigh, and Jerry, Dean R. (2006) A new parasite that infects eggs of the mud crab, Scylla serrata, in Australia. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 93 (1). pp. 54-59.

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Abstract

The mud crab, Scylla serrata, is currently being evaluated for its feasibility for mass aquaculture in Australia. As part of the evaluation process, pathogens that can affect this species need to be identified. This research note describes a possible new parasite that infects the eggs of S. serrata. The parasite was discovered in two separate cases (three months apart) in a broodstock research program and appears to cause 100% egg mortality. The parasite consists of a cluster of cells with rhizoids that appear to function as an anchorage and a feeding organ. The individual cells range from 3 to 6 μm with a single nucleus. The parasite could not be classified to a phylum by morphology alone. However, BLAST analysis of the DNA sequence from a PCR amplicon generated using universal 18S ribosomal RNA gene primers indicated similarity to pathogenic thraustochytrids, Dermocystidium sp. and Rhinosporidium seeberi. All except R. seeberi are protistan parasites of fish and crustaceans. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree confirmed the homology with the thraustochytrids; however, further molecular techniques need to be exploited for absolute classification of this new parasite.

Item ID: 3645
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Scylla serrata; egg parasite; egg mortality; Thraustochytrid; 18S rRNA
ISSN: 1096-0805
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2009 01:29
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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