Win:Win landuse strategies for Africa: 1. Building on experience with agroforests in Asia and Latin America, and 2. Capturing economic and environmental benefits with multistrata agroforests

Leakey, Roger RB (2001) Win:Win landuse strategies for Africa: 1. Building on experience with agroforests in Asia and Latin America, and 2. Capturing economic and environmental benefits with multistrata agroforests. International Forestry Review, 3. pp. 1-18.

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Abstract

A win:win landuse strategy has to provide both economic and environmental benefits, ideally with enhanced livelihoods for the poor and the provision of commodities for the international market. This paper reviews recent developments in agroforestry and some case studies from SE Asia and Latin America, where income-generating non-timber forest products are being produced by subsistence farmers within either enriched forest fallows (agroforests) or other forms of multistrata agroforestry. It then examines the opportunities for similarly producing non-timber forest products in the four main regions of Africa (Humid lowland forests of West and Central Africa, the East African Highlands, and the Miombo woodlands of southern Africa and the Sahel), as well as opportunities to domesticate the priority tree species for income generation. To follow and build on the Green Revolution, there is a need for landuses that: i) provide for livelihood needs of subsistence farmers; ii) meet the global needs for international commodities; and iii) provide international environmental services. In recent years, it has been realised that under certain circumstances, African farmers are planting trees on their farms and are developing agroecosystems that meet these needs. In addition, progress has been made towards the domestication of indigenous trees for their potential to generate farm income and so to reduce poverty. Some recommendations are made about research and development activities that would further encourage the development of sustainable landuses based on tree crops. A role is suggested for the industrial sector in tree crop/agroforestry development, based on new initiatives in the car manufacturing industry, but with opportunities of novel foods for the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Item ID: 304
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Agroforestry, Sustainable development, Domestication, Agroforestry tree products
ISSN: 1465-5489
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2006
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management @ 0%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 0%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070501 Agroforestry @ 0%
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