Implications of cnidarian gene expression patterns for the origins of bilaterality - is the glass half full or half empty?

Ball, Eldon E., de Jong, Danielle M., Schierwater, Bernd, Shinzato, Chuya, Hayward, David C., and Miller, David J. (2007) Implications of cnidarian gene expression patterns for the origins of bilaterality - is the glass half full or half empty? Integrative and Comparative Biology, 47. pp. 701-711.

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Abstract

The past two years have seen a dramatic increase in the available data on gene sequence and gene expression for cnidarians and other "lower" Metazoa, and a flurry of recent papers has drawn on these to address the origins of bilaterality. Cnidarian homologs of many genes that play key roles in the specification of both the A/P and D/V axes of bilaterians have been characterized, and their patterns of expression determined. Some of these expression patterns are consistent with the possibility of conservation of function between Cnidaria and Bilateria, but others clearly differ. Moreover, in some cases very different interpretations have been made on the basis of the same, or similar, data. In part, these differences reflect the inevitable uncertainties associated with the depth of the divergence between cnidarians and bilaterians. In this article, we briefly summarize the cnidarian data on gene expression and organization relevant to axis formation, the varying interpretations of these data, and where they conflict. Our conclusion is that the presently available data do not allow us to unequivocally homologize the single overt axis of cnidarians with either of the bilaterian axes.

Item ID: 2829
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: evolution; bilaterality; cnidaria
Additional Information:

ISSN: 1557-7023
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2009 04:09
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0699 Other Biological Sciences > 069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 11
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