Dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes as potential probes for RNA bulge sites

Spillane, Caitriona B., Smith, Jayden A., Buck, Damian P., Collins, J. Grant, and Keene, F. Richard (2007) Dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes as potential probes for RNA bulge sites. Dalton Transactions, 45. pp. 5290-5296.

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Abstract

1H NMR spectroscopy and molecular modelling have been used to investigate the binding of the - and -enantiomers of the dinuclear ruthenium(II) complex [{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+ {Me2bpy = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine; bpm = 2,2'-bipyrimidine} to an RNA tridecanucleotide duplex containing a single-base bulge {r(CCGAGAAUUCCGG)2]}, and the corresponding control dodecanucleotide {r(CCGGAAUUCCGG)2}. Both enantiomers bound the control RNA sequence weakly. From upfield shifts of the metal complex H3 and H3' protons throughout the titration of the control dodecanucleotide with -[{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+, a binding constant of 1 × 103 M–1 was determined. In NOESY spectra of the control sequence with added -[{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+, NOEs were only observed to protons from the terminal base-pair residues. No significant changes in chemical shift were observed for either the metal complex or RNA protons upon addition of the -enantiomer to the control dodecanucleotide. The -[{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+ complex bound the bulge-containing RNA with a significantly greater affinity (6 × 104 M–1) than the non-bulge control RNA duplex. Competition binding experiments indicated that the -isomer bound the tridecanucleotide with similar affinity to the -enantiomer. Addition of -[{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+ to the bulge-containing tridecanucleotide induced selective changes in chemical shift for the base H8 and sugar H1 resonances from the adenine bulge residue, and resonances from nucleotide residues adjacent to the bulge site. Intermolecular NOEs observed in NOESY spectra of the tridecanucleotide with added -[{Ru(Me2bpy)2}2(µ-bpm)]4+ confirmed the selective binding of the ruthenium complex at the bulge site. Preliminary binding models, consistent with the NMR data, showed that the ruthenium complex could effectively associate in the RNA minor groove at the bulge site.

Item ID: 2812
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: RNA bulge; dinuclear ruthenium; RNA binding; NMR spectroscopy
ISSN: 1477-9234
Date Deposited: 08 May 2009 01:09
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030201 Bioinorganic Chemistry @ 60%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030207 Transition Metal Chemistry @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 15
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