Bioaccumulation of 14C-PCB 101 and 14C-PBDE 99 in the marine planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus under different food regimes
Magnusson, K., Magnusson, M., Östberg, P., Granberg, M., and Tiselius, P. (2007) Bioaccumulation of 14C-PCB 101 and 14C-PBDE 99 in the marine planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus under different food regimes. Marine Environmental Research, 63 (1). pp. 67-81.
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Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) were determined for 14C-PCB 101 and 14C-PBDE 99 in the pelagic copepod Calanus finmarchicus after exposure to either contaminated water or after being fed contaminated phytoplankton (the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum or the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii). BAFs in algae range from 7.6 to 8.0 for PCB 101 and from 8.5 to 8.6 for PBDE 99. BAFs in copepods were significantly lower, 6.3–6.8 for PCB 101 and 7.6 for PBDE 99. For each compound, the BAFs in copepods were independent of what algal species they had consumed, even though the bioaccumulation of both compounds were higher in P. minimum than in T. weissflogii.
The ratios between BAF and the Kow for PCB 101 and PBDE 99 were similar within each of the three species, but varied between species. For copepods the ratios were 2–4, for T. weissfloggii 15–22 and for P. minimum 32–40. The data strongly suggest that the two compounds bioaccumulate in a similar manner and that there is no biomagnification in the transfer between phytoplankton and herbivorous copepods.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||bioaccumulation; zooplankton; phytoplankton; organic pollutants; PCB; PBDE|
|Date Deposited:||31 Aug 2009 06:40|
|FoR Codes:||05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||