Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study
Mond, J.M., Stich, H., Hay, P.J., Kraemer, A., and Baune, B.T. (2007) Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study. International Journal of Obesity, 31 (7). pp. 1068-1073.
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Objective: To examine associations between obesity and impairment in developmental functioning in a general population sample of pre-school children.
Method: Standardized medical examinations were conducted in nine consecutive cohorts of male and female children (n=9415) aged between 4.4 and 8.6 years (mean=6.0, s.d.=0.37) residing in the Lower Bavaria region of Germany. Tests designed to assess performance in subdivisions representing four broad developmental domains, namely, motor development, speech development, cognitive development and psycho-social development, were completed by all participants.
Results: Boys had significantly higher rates of impairment than girls. The prevalence of obesity in boys was 2.4%, whereas in girls it was 4.3% (χ2=21.51, P < 0.01). After controlling for age, gender, year of recruitment and other potential covariates, the prevalence of impairment in gross motor skills was higher among obese male children than normal-weight male children (adjusted odds ratio=1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.02, 3.01, P < 0.05), whereas the prevalence of impairment in the ability to focus attention was higher in obese female children than normal-weight female children (adjusted odds ratio=1.86, 95% CI=1.00, 3.44, P < 0.05).
Conclusions: The findings suggest that gender-specific associations between obesity and impairment in specific aspects of developmental functioning may be evident in younger children.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||children; pre-school; developmental functioning|
|Date Deposited:||24 Aug 2009 04:26|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy) @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||