The putative mechanism of Na+ absorption in euryhaline elasmobranchs exists in the gills of a stenohaline marine elasmobranch, Squalus acanthias

Choe, Keith P., Edwards, Susan L., Claiborne, James B., and Evans, David H. (2007) The putative mechanism of Na+ absorption in euryhaline elasmobranchs exists in the gills of a stenohaline marine elasmobranch, Squalus acanthias. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 146 (2). pp. 155-162.

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Abstract

We recently cloned an NHE3 orthologue from the gills of the euryhaline Atlantic stingray (Dasyatis sabina), and generated a stingray NHE3 antibody to unequivocally localize the exchanger to the apical side of epithelial cells that are rich with Na+/K+-ATPase (A MRC). We also demonstrated an increase in NHE3 expression when stingrays are in fresh water, suggesting that NHE3 is responsible for active Na+ absorption. However, the vast majority of elasmobranchs are only found in marine environments. In the current study, immunohistochemistry with the stingray NHE3 antibody was used to localize the exchanger in the gills of the stenohaline marine spiny dogfish shark (Squalus acanthias). NHE3 immunoreactivity was confined to the apical side of cells with basolateral Na+/K+-ATPase and was excluded from cells with high levels of vacuolar H+-ATPase. Western blots detected a single protein of 88 kDa in dogfish gills, the same size as NHE3 in stingrays and mammals. These immunological data demonstrate that the putative cell type responsible for active Na+ absorption in euryhaline elasmobranchs is also present in stenohaline marine elasmobranchs, and suggest that the inability of most elasmobranchs to survive in fresh water is not due to a lack of the gill ion transporters for Na+ absorption.

Item ID: 2517
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: osmoreregulation; Na+/H+ exchanger; Na+/K+ AATPase; elasmobranch; acid-base regulation
ISSN: 1531-4332
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2009 06:18
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0606 Physiology > 060602 Animal Physiology - Cell @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830199 Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 16
Downloads: Total: 2
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