Tree domestication in agroforestry: progress in the second decade (2003-2012)
Leakey, Roger R.B., Weber, John C., Page, Tony, Cornelius, Jonathan P., Akinnifesi, Festus K., Roshetko, James M., Tchoundjeu, Zacharie, and Jamnadass, Ramni (2012) Tree domestication in agroforestry: progress in the second decade (2003-2012). In: Nair, P.K. Ramachandran, and Garrity, Dennis, (eds.) Agroforestry: the future of global land use. Advances in Agroforestry, 9 . Springer, New York City, NY, USA, pp. 145-173.
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More than 420 research papers, involving more than 50 tree species, form the literature on agroforestry tree domestication since the 1992 conference that initiated the global programme. In the first decade, the global effort was strongly led by scientists working in humid West Africa; it was then expanded to the rest of Africa in the second decade, with additional growth in Latin America, Asia (mostly SE Asia) and Oceania. While the assessment of species potential and the development and dissemination of techniques for improved germplasm production were the principal activities in the first decade, the second decade was characterized by a growing research agenda that included characterization of genetic variation using morphological and molecular techniques, product commercialization, adoption and impact and protection of farmers' rights. In parallel with this expanding research agenda, there was also an increasing use of laboratory techniques to quantify genetic variation of the chemical and physical composition of marketable products (e.g. essential oils, food-thickening agents, pharmaceutical and nutriceutical compounds, fuelwood). Looking to the third decade, suggestions are made for further development and expansion of both the science to underpin agroforestry tree domestication and applied research in support of development programmes to enhance the livelihoods of poor smallholder farmers worldwide.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|Keywords:||commercialization, genetic variation, germplasm, livelihoods, propagation, smallholders|
|Date Deposited:||28 Nov 2012 02:02|
|FoR Codes:||07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070501 Agroforestry @ 60%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070507 Tree Improvement (Selection and Breeding) @ 40%
|SEO Codes:||82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8201 Forestry > 820103 Integration of Farm and Forestry @ 50%
82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8201 Forestry > 820199 Forestry not elsewhere classified @ 50%