Social nicotine dependence in Australian dental undergraduate students
Huang, Boyen, Inagaki, Koji, Yoshii, Chiharu, Kano, Masato, Abbott, Paul V., Noguchi, Toshihide, Takahashi, Katsu, and Bessho, Kazuhisa (2011) Social nicotine dependence in Australian dental undergraduate students. International Dental Journal, 61 (3). pp. 152-156.
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Objectives: This study aimed to investigate dental undergraduate students' tobacco usage and social nicotine dependence in Australia. A special interest was to identify the role of factors such as age, gender, year of dental education and cohabitants' smoking status for social nicotine dependence.
Materials and methods: A sample of 252, first-to-fifth year undergraduate students in an Australian dental school was used. Each completed a self-administered questionnaire.
Results: The smoking rate was 4.8%. Current smokers displayed higher social nicotine dependence than those that had never smoked (t = 3.1, df = 244, P = 0.002). Dental undergraduate students that showed higher social nicotine dependence (P = 0.001, OR = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.1–1.6), or that had smoking cohabitants (P = 0.016, OR = 4.8, 95% CI: 1.3–17.0), were more likely to smoke. Students' social nicotine dependence increased with year of dental study (P = 0.043, β = 0.4, t = 2.0). Social nicotine dependence enhanced tobacco usage among Year-1-to-4 students (P = 0.005, OR = 1.4, 95% CI: 1.1–1.7) but not Year-5 undergraduates (P = 0.432).
Conclusions: Social nicotine dependence has become a developing issue in dental education. Tobacco control should be highlighted in the dental curriculum. Future investigations into the effects of dental education on social nocotine dependence and tobacco usage are indicated.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||undergraduate dental education; social nicotine dependence; smoking|
|Date Deposited:||26 Sep 2012 03:59|
|FoR Codes:||13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130209 Medicine, Nursing and Health Curriculum and Pedagogy @ 20%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 40%
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920414 Substance Abuse @ 40%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9303 Curriculum > 930399 Curriculum not elsewhere classified @ 10%