The test-retest reliability of gas exchange kinetics in humans using a pseudo random binary sequence exercise test

Edwards, A.M., Challis, N.V., Chapman, J.H., Claxton, D.B., and Fysh, M.L. (2001) The test-retest reliability of gas exchange kinetics in humans using a pseudo random binary sequence exercise test. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85 (3-4). pp. 333-338.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the test-retest reliability of oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics with carbon dioxide output (VCO2) kinetics using a pseudo random binary sequence (PRBS) exercise test. A reliable test of gas exchange kinetics would have the potential of being applied as a sports fitness test. Ten healthy male subjects agreed to participate in the study and all subjects completed two identical PRBS exercise tests (test 1 and test 2), separated by a 30 min period of inactivity. Three consecutive 300 s PRBS cycles were completed in each test with 20 s exercise intensity changes between 25 and 85 W using an electrically braked cycle ergometer. Fourier analysis was computed for frequencies 3.3, 6.7 and 10 mHz. Statistical analysis by two-way ANOVA with repeated measures did not reveal significant differences between test 1 and test 2 for either VO2 kinetics or VCO2 kinetics. Static gain of VO2 for test 1 [9.11 (SD 0.59) ml.min-1.W-1] and test 2 [9.23 (SD 0.64) ml.min-1.W-1] did not differ significantly between tests. The 95% limits of agreement for VCO2 kinetics displayed increased variability in comparison to VO2 kinetics at each frequency of amplitude ratio and phase shift. Systematic bias ranged between 0% and 4%, except at frequency 10 mHz of VCO2 kinetics phase shift which showed a 10% bias for slower VO2 kinetics in test 2. It is possible that the increased variability of VCO2 kinetics compared to VO2 kinetics might be attributable to a lower signal to noise ratio in VCO2 kinetics, variations in ventilation or the storage mechanisms of CO2. The lower variability of VO2 kinetics compared with VCO2 kinetics suggests that the PRBS test of VO2 kinetics has the greater potential for further development as an indicator of aerobic fitness.

Item ID: 22931
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1439-6327
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2012 01:33
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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