Performance of agarwood (Aquilaria crassna) seedling transplants improved by shade and fertiliser
Page, Tony, and Awarau, Waipaina (2012) Performance of agarwood (Aquilaria crassna) seedling transplants improved by shade and fertiliser. Forest Ecology and Management, 265. pp. 258-269.
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While Aquilaria species have had a long history of exploitation and trade, experience with their establishment and management in plantations is only recent. Significant transplant stress during establishment has been a feature of contemporary plantings in Australia. It is therefore important to determine the nature of this stress to mitigate its effect in future plantings. This study examined the influence of antitranspirant and fertiliser applied after planting in open conditions on the relative mean leaf chlorophyll content, survival and growth (height and diameter) of Aquilaria crassna seedlings when compared with a shade control.
Additional field-applied fertiliser (without antitranspirant) had a significantly positive effect on mean chlorophyll index and height and diameter growth after transplanting, but a leaf application of antitranspirant had no such effect. Despite the benefit of additional fertiliser (without antitranspirant) this treatment had significantly greater mortality when compared with the shade treatment. The immediate increase in mean chlorophyll index in shade and its initial decline in full-sun exposed seedlings after planting indicates that the transplant stress is influenced, in part, by sun-exposure.
Seedlings in the shade treatment were significantly taller than those exposed to full-sun after 60-weeks but no significant differences were found for mean basal diameter. With the exception of one treatment (fertiliser with antitranspirant) it is evident that taller seedlings with thicker stems have a greater survival after transplanting than shorter seedlings with thinner stems.
This study reveals that the planting of A. crassna seedlings with mean height and stem diameter of 35 cm and 4.0 mm respectively and providing fertiliser and shade after planting can reduce transplant stress and improve survival and growth of this species. Areas requiring further research including other potential factors influencing transplant stress are explored in this report.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||transplant stress, competition, root growth, hardening, seedling establishment|
|Date Deposited:||01 Aug 2012 09:17|
|FoR Codes:||07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070504 Forestry Management and Environment @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8201 Forestry > 820199 Forestry not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||