The impact of tourism in developing countries on the health of the local host communities: the need for more research

Bauer, Irmgard (1999) The impact of tourism in developing countries on the health of the local host communities: the need for more research. Journal of Tourism Studies, 10 (1). pp. 2-17.

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Abstract

Tourism is the fastest growing industry internationally. Popular areas of study are the economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts of tourism in developing countries. Very few studies have been conducted on the impact of tourism on the hosts' health status. Nowadays, the emergence of new infectious diseases or the re-emergence of diseases thought eradicated are causing concern and travel is a major contributor to their spread. The objectives of this study were: to review literature related to the topic as a background for future research; to explore if findings obtained during a field-trip to Easter Island/Chile and Peru support the hypotheses derived from the analysis of published material; to recommend a range of research topics based on the outcome of this study; and to propose elements of a framework for the assessment of health impacts of tourism. The findings suggest that there are considerable gaps in the current knowledge on tourism's health impacts. Potential indirect and direct impacts have been identified. Workplace health and safety concerns in relation to local tourism employees have been raised. A wide range of research topics has been suggested based on these findings. Finally, elements of a possible framework for understanding tourism's health impacts and their interrelationships have been identified.

Item ID: 22507
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1035-4662
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2012 06:50
FoR Codes: 15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1506 Tourism > 150601 Impacts of Tourism @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900301 Economic Issues in Tourism @ 30%
90 COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 40%
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