Simulation and evaluation of the water purification function of Zhalong Wetland based on a combined water quantity-quality model

Li, HongYan, Zhang, GuangXin, and Sun, GuangZhi (2012) Simulation and evaluation of the water purification function of Zhalong Wetland based on a combined water quantity-quality model. Science China Technological Sciences, 55 (7). pp. 1973-1981.

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Abstract

The water purification function of natural wetland systems is widely recognized, but rarely studied or scientifically evaluated. Extensive studies have been carried out by various international wetland research communities to quantify the water quality improvement ability of the natural wetlands, in order to maintain such ability and wetland ecological health. This study aims to evaluate the purification function of Zhalong Wetland in China for removing total nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP), based on ex-situ experiments and the development of a combined water quantity-quality model. Experiments and model predictions were carried out with different input TP and TN concentrations. Statistical analyses demonstrated that the relative errors between model simulations and experimental observations for TN and TP were 8.6% and 12.4%, respectively. With water retention time being maintained at 90 d, the removal rate of these pollutants could not reach the required Grade V standards, if the inflow TN concentration was over 42 mg L−1, or the input TP concentration was over 14 mg L−1. The simulation results also demonstrated that, even with Grade V quality standard compliance, when the water inflow from surrounding industries and agriculture lands into Zhalong Wetland reaches 0.3×108 m3 a−1, the maximum TN and TP loads that the reserve can cope with are 1.26×103 t a−1 and 0.42×103 t a−1, respectively. Overall, this study has produced a significant amount of information that can be used for the protection of water quality and ecological health of Zhalong Wetland.

Item ID: 22422
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: combined water quantity; quality model; water purification function; WASP model; Zhalong Wetland
ISSN: 1869-1900
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2012 02:50
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960604 Environmental Management Systems @ 20%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960608 Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality) @ 60%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 20%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 2
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